Structure and Written Expressions 11

Problem 78 Nouns that function as Adjectives :
noun noun All of us are foreign language teachers

Incorrect: I forgot their telephone’s number.
Correct : I forgot their telephone number.

Incorrect: There is a sale at the at the shoes store.
Correct : There is a sale at the at the shoe store.

Incorrect: Put the mail on the hall’s table.
Correct : Put the mail on the hall table.

Problem 79 Hyphenated Adjectives :A adjective – adjective noun
Agriculture 420 is a five – hour class

a adjective – adjective – adjective noun
A sixty – year – old employee may retire

Incorrect: Can you make change for a twenty-dollars bill?
Correct :Can you make change for a twenty-dollar bill?

Incorrect: A two-doors car is cheaper than a four-doors model.
Correct : a two – door car is cheaper than a four-door model.

Incorrect: I have to write a one-thousand-words paper this weekend.
Correct :I have to write a one- thousand – word this weekend.

Problem 80 Adjectives Ending in –edand –ing :
–ed adjective (by someone or something)
The audience is thrilled (by the concert)

–ed adjective (to someone or something)
The cozcert is thrilling (to the audience)

Incorrect: What an interested idea!
Correct : What an interesting idea!
(We are interested)

Incorrect: Drug abuse is increasing at an alarmed rate.
Correct : Drug abuse is increasing at an alarming rate.
(We are alarmed)

Incorrect: The petition has been signed by concerning citizens
Correct : The petition has been signed by concerned citizens.

Problem 81 Cause-and-Result –So :
CAUSE RESULT
adverb
S V so adjective that S V
She got up so late that she missed her bus The music was so loud that we couldn’t talk

Incorrect: We arrived so late as Professor Baker had already called the roll.
Correct :We arrived so late that Professor Baker had already called the roll.

Incorrect: He drives so fast as no one likes to ride with him.
Correct :He drives so fast that no one likes to ride with him.

Incorrect: Preparing frozen foods is too easy that anyone can do it.
Correct:Preparing frozen foods is so easy that anyone can do it.

Problem 82 Cause-and-Result–Such :
CAUSE RESULT
S V such a adjective count noun (singular) that S V
It was such a hot day that we went out
Or
S V such adjective a count noun (singular) that S V
It was so hot a day that we went out
CAUSE RESULT
count noun (singular). noun
S V such adjective (noncount) that S V
These are such long assignments that I can’t finish them
This is such good news that I will call them

Incorrect: We had so a small lunch that I am hungry already.
Correct : We had such a small lunch that I am hungry already.
or
We had so small a lunch that I am hungry already.

Incorrect: That so many advances have been made in so short time is the most
valid agreement for retaining the research unit.
Correct : That so many advances have been made in such a short time is the most
valid agreement or retaining the research unit.
or
That so many advances have been made in so short a time is the most
valid agreement for retaining the research unit.

Incorrect: It is so nice weather that I would like to go to the beach.
Correct : It is such nice that I would like to go to the beach.

Problem 83 Emphasis –Too :

CAUSE RESULT
too adjective infinitive
The tea is too hot to drink

Incorrect: This brand is too expensive for buy.
Correct : This brand is too expensive to buy .

Incorrect: He always plays his stereo so loud (to enjoy).
Correct : He always plays his stereo too loud (to enjoy).

Incorrect: He is too cold go swimming.
Correct : He is too cold to go swimming.

Problem 84 Emphasis–Very :

very adjective
This tea is very hot

Incorrect: New York is so big, and I am not used to it
Correct : New York is very big , and I am not used to it.

Incorrect: Last month we had a too high electric bill.
Correct :Last month we had a very high electric bill.

Incorrect: Darlene says that the courts are so lenient.
Correct : Darlene says that the courts are very lenient.

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