Lesson 13

New Vocabulary :

  1. commonplace : biasa
  2. interconnected : saling berhubungan
  3. revealed : mengungkapkan
  4. awareness : kesadaran
  5. inventive : berdaya cipta
  6. congenially : cocok
  7. cooperatively : kerjasama
  8. incessantly : terus menerus
  9. encouragement : dorongan
  10. glider : pesawat peluncur
  11. gilders : menyepuh
  12. slightly : sedikit
  13. maneuvering : mengatur siasat
  14. efforts : usaha
  15. guiding : membimbing
  16. advantages : keuntungan
  17. precisely : tepat
  18. manned : diawaki
  19. proportion : ukuran
  20. combustion : pembakaran

The Ideas Of Each Paragraph :

  1. Reason for the success of the Wright brothers
  2. Distinguishing the Wright brothers from other engineers
  3. Progress of research Wright brothers
  4. Risks of research Wright brothers

Answer The Question :

  1. A. The reasons why the Wright brothers succeeded in manned flight.
  2. B.  Mentioned
  3. C.  Constantly
  4. B.  They were gilder pilots.
  5. C.  Because they were important in the refinement of the wings for their airplane
  6. C.  Engine
  7. A. Destined to fail
  8. D. They did not have enough power to lift their own weight.
  9. D. They were well funded.

Summary Of The Passage :

In spite of these advantages, however, the Wright brothers might not have succeeded had they not been born at precisely the opportune moment in history.

Structure and Written Expression

  1. B. Leave
  2. D. Because
  3. A. evolve
  4. C. to make
  5. A. has
  6. D. paint
  7. D. they are where
  8. B. have
  9. A. you to call them
  10. C. who
  11. D. equal as
  12. B. must be
  13. D. stressful
  14. D. to reach
  15. D. the first
  16. B. itself
  17. A. as
  18. B. don’t make
  19. C. filling
  20. B. were
  21. B. the water boils
  22. A. it is believed that
  23. D. as
  24. C. as well as
  25. B. that in 1848
  26. C. more frequently than
  27. B. because
  28. B. developing
  29. A. very rapidly
  30. C. but also two years experience
  31. B. the most effective
  32. A. the book is read by many people
  33. B. other
  34. A. no other
  35. A. in comparison with the salary of a teacher
  36. C. to have written
  37. A. participating in the country fairs
  38. C. had been laying
  39. C. to control
  40. B. freely

 

Lesson 14

New Vocabulary :

  1. independent : independen
  2. overseeing : mengawasi
  3. commonly : biasanya
  4. council : dewan
  5. regarding : mengenai
  6. funds : membiayai
  7. loans : pinjaman
  8. senate : dewan
  9. primarily : terutama
  10. monetary : moneter
  11. influencing : mempengaruhi
  12. provides : memberikan
  13. recession : resesi/pengunduran
  14. augmented : ditambah
  15. fueling : bahan bakar
  16. inflation : inflasi/pemompaan
  17. supervises : mengawasi
  18. stray : nyasar
  19. established : tetapkan
  20. frequent : sering

The Ideas Of Each Paragraph :

  1. The origin of the Federal Reserve System
  2. Function of the Federal Reserve System
  3. The task of the Fed
  4. Explanation of the Federal Reserve

Answer The Question :

  1. B. The Federal Reserve System
  2. A. Supervising
  3. D. Approved
  4. B. To regulate monetary policies
  5. B. Bonds
  6. C. Interest rates go up
  7. B. Too much money in the economy
  8. C. The FED tends to follow the policies of the executive branch of the government
  9. D. The Federal Reserve receives its yearly budget from Congress

Summary Of The Passage :

It has been said that the Federal Reserve is actually a fourth branch of the United States government because it is composed of national policy makers.

Lesson 12

New Vocabulary :

  1. predecessor : pendahulu
  2. fundamental : mendasar
  3. premise : alasan/pendapat
  4. dogma : kepercayaan
  5. merit : pantas
  6. monk : biarawan
  7. treatises : risalah/acuan
  8. imperfection : ketidaksempurnaan
  9. asserted : menyatakan
  10. elusive : terabaikan/sukar dipahami
  11. artisans : ahli
  12. accustomed : membiasakan
  13. cryptic : samar
  14. attracted : menarik
  15. struggle  : berjuang
  16. distinct : berbeda
  17. labored : bekerja
  18. earnestly : dengan sungguh-sungguh
  19. devoted : mengabdikan
  20. literary : berkaitan

The Ideas Of Each Paragraph :

  1. Alchemy was alchemy was the predecessor of the modern science of chemistry
  2. Early describes authentic works on European alchemy
  3. about the early alchemists used the sun and moon terns to keep secret work, which in the difference between the base metals and gold.
  4. explain about them to get a broad knowledge of chemicals because, alchemist laboratory failed to produce gold from other materials.

Answer The Question :

  1. D. Alchemy was the predecessor of modern chemistry
  2. B. Genuine
  3. A. Perfection
  4. B. An element that was never found
  5. B. Secret
  6. A. To keep the work secret
  7. C. Artisans
  8. B. The Literary alchemists recorded it in writing
  9. B. Some very important scientific discoveries were made by alchemists

Summary Of The Passage :

Alchemy is the knowledge of transmuting energy, consciousness and matter and teaches us that Energy, Consciousness and Matter can be transmitted through the knowledge of how these interrelate and transmute one another.

Lesson 11

New Vocabulary :

  1. principles : prinsip/dasar
  2. promulgation : pengumuman
  3. rejects : menolak
  4. outright : sekaligus
  5. imposed : memaksakan
  6. ultimately : akhirnya
  7. inseparably : tidak dapat dipisahkan
  8. utilization : pemakaian
  9. functionalism : berfungsi
  10. excluding : tidak termasuk
  11. sculptor : pemahat
  12. innate : bawaan
  13. spontaneous : secara spontan
  14. palette : palet/lukis
  15. terrain : tanah lapang
  16. permeate : menembus
  17. providing : menyediakan
  18. separate : memisahkan/terpisah
  19. Moreover : selain itu
  20. sparse : jarang

The Idea Of Each Paragraph :

  1. The explanation of organic architecture
  2. The explanation of natural principles
  3. Differences of organic architecture

Answer The Question :

  1. A. Natural architecture
  2. B. Eventually
  3. C. Promoted
  4. A. A bank that is built to look like a Greek Temple
  5. B. To give an example of natural principles
  6. A. Difficult to see
  7. D. Form and function are one
  8. C. Nature should be respected

Summary Of The Passage :

the organic architect views the site and materials as an innate form that develops organically from within.

Lesson 10

New Vocabulary :

  1. Acacia : akasia
  2. shrubs : semak belukar
  3. mimosa : pohon berbunga kuning
  4. wattle : anyaman dahan kayu
  5. daub : melumurkan
  6. legumes : kacang polong
  7. edible : dapat dimakan
  8. spreading : menyebar
  9. fragrant : harum
  10. foliage : dedaunan
  11. unobtrusive : mencolok
  12. commonly : biasanya
  13. dense : tebal
  14. bark : kulit pohon
  15. tannin : samak
  16. acidic : keasaman
  17. proven : membuktikan / terbukti
  18. arid : kering/gersang
  19. thrive : tumbuh subur
  20. blossom : bunga

The Idea Of Each Paragraph :

  1. The Origin of Acacia trees
  2. The information about species of Acacia
  3. Season blossom of acacia tree

Answer The Question :

  1. B. Characteristic and varieties of the acacia
  2. C. Twelve
  3. A. Grow well
  4. B. Varieties
  5. C. Is taller than the Bailey Acacia
  6. A. Smooth
  7. B. Elaborate
  8. D. Black Acacia
  9. B. A table
  10. C. August

Summary Of The Passage :

Nearly five hundred species of Acacia have been analyzed, identified, categorized, and proven capable of survival in hot and generally arid parts of the world.

Lesson 9

New Vocabulary :

  1. Precipitation : Pengendapan/ air hujan
  2. commonly : biasanya
  3. referred : menunjuk
  4. atmospheric : udara
  5. annual : tahunan
  6. equally : dengan sama
  7. typically : secara khas
  8. factors : faktor
  9. altitude : ketinggian
  10. proximity : kedekatan
  11. prevailing : berlaku
  12. Gulf : teluk
  13. Coast : pesisir
  14. windward : atas angin
  15. leeward : di bawah angin
  16. substantially : pada hakekatnya
  17. ascending : menaiki
  18. therefore : oleh sebab itu
  19. drier : drierlebih kering
  20. diversity : keaneka ragaman

The Ideas Of Each Paragraph :

  1. The definition of precipitation
  2. Characteristic of precipitation

Answer The Question :

  1. A. Precipitation
  2. C. Rainfall
  3. B. Rain, hail, and snow
  4. A. Thirty-six inches
  5. B. By four inches
  6. C. Neamess to
  7. D. The pacific coast
  8. B. Latitude
  9. A. Fundamentally
  10. B. Precipitation

Summary Of The Passage :

The amount of precipitation that an area receives is a combined result of several factors, including location, altitude, proximity to the sea, and the direction of prevailing winds.

Lesson 8

New Vocabulary :

  1. constitute : merupakan
  2. classification : klasifikasi
  3. primitive : primitif
  4. indicates : menunjukkan
  5. scientific : ilmiah
  6. diverse : berbeda
  7. propel : mendorong
  8. crusted : kuli keras
  9. discriminate : membedakan
  10. nuclei : inti
  11. decomposes : menguraikan
  12. contains : berisi/memuat
  13. compounds : senyawa/campuran
  14. demonstrates : membuktikan
  15. necessitate : mengharuskan
  16. redefinition : pendefinisian ulang
  17. premise : pendapat
  18. Nevertheless : bagaimanapun
  19. improves : meningkatkan
  20. proposed : mengusulkan

The Idea Of Each Paragraph :

  1. Definition of protozoa and their spesification
  2. Protozoa is a kind of animals not plant
  3. Many species of protozoans collect into colonies,  almost 40,000 species of protozoans have been identified

Answer The Question :

  1. D. Characteristic of protozoans
  2. D. Very Small
  3. B. The substance that forms the cell of a protozoan
  4. A. The three major groups are unique in that they all move in the same manner
  5. C. Sarcodina
  6. C. It regulates growth
  7. A. They do not live on simple organic compounds
  8. A. Protozoans
  9. C. They have a large cell and a smaller cell

Summary Of The Passage :

Protozoa are the oldest known group of heterotrophic life that consume and transform complex food particles into energy. Although protozoans are only made up of a single cell, these organisms manage to perform all the basic tasks of life.  The protozoa are divided into four major groups: the ciliates, the flagellates, the heliozoans, and the amoebas.

Structure and Written Expressions 8

Problem 63

  1. Painters of the early twentieth century who were known primarily for they colorful landscapes, the Group of Seven changed is name to the Canadian Group of Painters in 1993.

*KEY : They is incorrect, the correct is their

  1. The gray scale, a progressive series of shades ranging from black to white, is used in computer graphics —- detail to graphical images.
    (A) added
    (B) to add
    (C) are added
    (D) and add

*KEY : B (to add)

Problem 64

  1. The cork oak tree has a layer of cork several inches thickness that can be stripped every ten years.

*KEY : Thickness is incorrect, the correct is thick

  1. …. skeleton of an insect is on the outside of its body.
    (A) Its
    (B) That the
    (C) There is a
    (D) The

*KEY : D (the)

Problem 65

  1. For a seagoing, cargo-carrying sailing vessels, the clipper ship was remarkably fast.

*KEY : Vessels is incorrect, the correct is vessel

  1. By —- excluding competition from an industry, governments have often created public service monopolies.
    (A) they adopt laws
    (B) laws are adopted
    (C) adopting laws
    (D) having laws adopt

*KEY : C (adopting laws)

Problem 66

  1. Diamond is the hardest known substance, so diamonds can be cut only by another.

*KEY : Another is incorrect, the correct is other

  1. Cholesterol is present in large quantities in the nervous system, where —- compound of myelin.
    (A) it a
    (B) a
    (C) being a
    (D) it is a

*KEY : D (it is a)

Problem 67

  1. Alaska became the forty-ninth state in 1959, and Hawaii became the fiftieth state lately that year.

*KEY : Lately is incorrect, the correct is later

  1. To break thick ice, an icebreaker boat moves fast enough to ride up on the ice, —- under its weight.
    (A) so then breaks
    (B) when breaks it
    (C) which then breaks
    (D) for which then breaks

*KEY : C (which then breaks)